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Parent Resources

  • Supporting Young Dual Language Learners 
    • The Foundation for Child Development (FCD) has published a new brief in its PreK-3rd Policy to Action Brief series, entitled PreK-3rd: Challenging Common Myths About Young Dual Language Learners: An Update to the Seminal 2008 Report, by Linda Espinosa. The brief discusses commonly held beliefs about the development and learning of young children who are learning English as their second language and provides recommendations to guide policies and practices for these young children.
    • The Summer 2013 issue of the American Educator, published by the American Federation of Teachers (AFT), includes an article summarizing research on effective early education for Dual Language Learners (DLLs). Dual Language Learners: Effective Instruction in Early Childhood, by Claude Goldenberg, Judy Hicks, and Ira Lit, finds that preschool teachers can best educate young children learning their home language and English by using children's primary language where possible, adopting effective practices for building English language skills, and involving families in supporting children's learning.
    • Dual language learners with disabilities are a growing part of the K-12 school population in the US. Available knowledge on how to effectively educate these students and measure their progress is small but increasing.  Impact: Feature Issue on Educating K-12 English Language Learners with Disabilities offers answers to common questions on these topics from experts around the country who are helping schools meet the needs of this growing student population. Published by the University of Minnesota’s Institute on Community Integration, and Research & Training Center on Community Living, this publication is available online at or A complimentary print copy is available from the Institute’s Publications Office at

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